About half of the size of the 48 neighboring states of the USA is Kazakhstan the ninth largest country in the world with a spectacularly diverse geography and without much space to visit. The northern forests gradually pass into broad flat steppes to dry areas and finally to the south. Kazakhstan is rich in minerals and has large supplies of oil and natural gas.
Islam and Christianity are a dominant religion, although religious tolerance is a widely recognized standard and, as a predominance of the Soviet era, many people do not show any religious affiliation at all. The national character of the Kazakh people is hospitality. Trapping from the long nomadic culture of the country, foreigners are considered honorable guests. Respect for guests and elderly people, as well as tolerance and peacefulness, are rooted from childhood.
Almaty, in the east, is the largest city and commercial capital of the country. The original home of the world of apples has been traced to this area. In fact, "Alma" means "apple". Large silk caravans traveled through this ancient city bearing spices, porcelain, silk, and civilizing influences from the cultivated Orient to the barbaric west.
A night trip by train to the west takes you to the Baykonur cosmodrome, home to the Russian space program. Once Baykonur is a secretly guarded place, it is now open to visitors where it is possible to visit the birthplace of the spacecraft, to visit the complex where the original cosmonauts were trained and where Russian flights to the International Space Station are being launched today.
About 160 km east of Almaty are the natural wonders of the Altyn-Emel National Park. The area contains rare animals such as the Siberian mountain goats, the old Distillery burial mounds, the 3500-year-old rock drawings, and the Kyzyl-Auyszka Gorge, where a "stone tree" grows and has a bark that resists the ax. The park is also home to "lunar" countryside and unforgettable "Singing Dunes" that make the organ sound in dry weather. The indispensable movement of grains of sand, which decreases in the undersea dune, creates a vibration that becomes electrified under dry conditions, which in the context of resonance conditions in the surrounding area creates powerful sound waves that can be heard miles away.
Also, here is Charyn Canyon, referred to as the younger brother of the American Grand Canyon, with deep, colorful gorges, magnificent rock formations and some of Turkey's finest hiking trails, canyoning and water rafting.